American Hardwood Floors

Hardwood Floor Refinishing and New Installations in Knoxville, TN

We provide all services related to hardwood flooring in Knoxville, TN including hardwood flooring installation, hardwood floor refinishing, related repairs, and all related services including carpet removal, termite damage repair, baseboard replacement, and any other work related to flooring. I generally receive equal amounts of requests for new installations and refinishing. Hardwood flooring is often desired for its favorable apperance and the ambiance which it can add to a room. In some cases, hardwood flooring is desired for its ease of cleaning and its allergen resistant properties.

Hardwood Staircase Installation

Hardwood staircasing is a great embellishment to any homes interior design. I can remove existing carpeting from your staircase and install any type of hardwood flooring in its place. The hardwood on the staircase can be matched to existing hardwood flooring in your home - wood type, finish, or stain colors can all be matched to provide a uniform appearance throughout your home.

Hardwood flooring on staircases greatly helps to tie the interior decor together and is one of the most effective ways to enhance the interior of your home.

Installation Process

For new hardwood floor installation my first step is to remove existing flooring, proceed with any necessary preparation measures, and once all necessary checks and measures have been completed the new hardwood floor is installed. Various wood species may require unique installation techniques or processes.

There are several primary options when choosing a new hardwood floor for your home.

  • Raw Wood - Raw Wood is raw, unfinishing wooden flooring. This wood must be sanded on site. Once sanded, the finish of your choice will be applied. A raw wood, sand on site floor, can last 80 to 90 years if well cared for and maintained. In general, a raw wood, sand on site floor is the most desired and most requested type of hard wood floor because it can always be restored to new condition.
  • Prefinished - Prefinished floor is not sandable. With this flooring option you are limited to the stock condition of the material. The drawback of this is it can be permanently damaged, and if damaged there can be some difficulty acquiring matching material for replacement.
  • Sandable Prefinished - There is some prefinished hardwood material which can be resanded and refinished to repair scratches and scuffs as the floor experiences wear and tear. Because resanding and refinishing is possible, this wood material can be restored to brand new condition.
  • Laminates - Floor Laminates are man-made floating wood tiles which used to achieve an appearance similar to that of a hard wood floor. This flooring options is easy to maintain and look good, but laminates are many times less durale than natural wood flooring.
  • Raw Laminates can be resanded two to three times over the course of their life to help restore brilliance and remove defects and light damage.

Refinishing Process

The refinishing process involves removing old carpet and pulling out any staples or other artifacts. In some case the floor may need filler. Rather than spot filling only certain areas, I provide free filler throughout the entire floor. In my experience, without a thorough filling of all gaps there is an inherent compromise to the integrity of the floor. This insures that all tac strips, holes, and artifacts are eliminated. By doing this, all remnants of any previous flooring are removed and I can work with a blank flooring canvas. It is well worth the extra effort. Razor blading each crack helps to clean out each gap so that filler takes better to each crevace.

In some cases, recoating can be used to clean up the appearance of existing flooring, which can save money compared to a complete refinishing . This involves a light screening of the entire floor to remove scratches and then applying two coats of finish on top of the existing floor.

Hardwood Floor Finishes

Regardless of finish type, I'll always choose to apply 3 coats of finish for optimal appearance and durability. There are three main types of finishes used to protect hardwood floors:

  • Water based - Water based finish is less durable than oil based finishes but is sometimes requested in cases where there is an allergen, oil odor, or enironmental concern. Water based finish is a fine option but will require refinishing more frequently than oil based finishes.
  • Oil based - Oil-based Polyurethane is the most used and most durable finish option for hardwood floors. Polyurethane is more forgiving than other finishes because it can allow floor tiles to expand or contract without cracking the finish as easily as other finishes. This is because the polyurethane coats flex or stretch with the wood. Please note: Despite its flexibility, Polyurethane, like any finish, can and will crack if it experiences enough wear, shifting, or movement. There are oil based finishes with extra hardeners which create an extra hard and extra durable finish.
  • Swedish finish - This is a traditional alcohol based varnish named for its country of origin. Extremely durable and easy to clean, it's the finish of choice in Sweden, a country in which hardwood flooring is found in the majority of homes. Swedish finish is considered to be somewhat more combustible and omits a stronger odor than water based or oil based.